We the people love and honor the Stars and Stripes but have not learned its entire truth
A artwork by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (circa 1920) of Betsy Ross and George Washington (far left)
Americans love our banner. We display it at concerts and stadiums to commemorate, and also at times during the nationwide tragedy showing our resolve.
We now have our schoolchildren pledge allegiance to it; we now have consecrated it within our national anthem; we have actually any occasion, Flag Day, to honor it every June 14, also own it on prominent display when it comes to Fourth of July.
Yet the iconography and reputation for the flag that is american specially its very very early history, are infused with misconception and misrepresentation. Listed below are five of the very commonplace urban myths.
Myth # 1: Betsy Ross made the very first flag that is american.
The Betsy Ross tale is one of tenacious bit of fiction concerning the banner. There merely isn’t any legitimate historical proof — letters, diaries, newsprint reports, bills of sale — that Ross (then referred to as Elizabeth Claypoole) either made or had a turn in creating the US banner before it made its first in 1777.
The storyline cropped up in 1870, very nearly a century following the flag that is first supposedly sewn, whenever William Canby, Ross’ grandson, told the Historical Society of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia that his grandmother made the banner at George Washington’s behest. Canby’s single proof: affidavits from family relations. The iconic 1893 artwork of Ross sitting in the sun to her Philadelphia parlor beaming straight straight down in the banner in her own lap is a scene designed by Charles H. Weisgerber, the musician and entrepreneur who profited through the Betsy Ross legend.
While Ross did make flags in Philadelphia into the belated 1770s, it’s all but sure that the story about her producing the US banner is a misconception.
As President Woodrow Wilson, whom presided throughout the very very very first formal nationwide Flag Day on June 14, 1916, is believed to have replied when expected their thoughts in the tale: “Would it had been real.”
Library of Congress
Much symbolism happens to be caused by them, nevertheless the colors associated with the US banner have never ever had any type of formal imprimatur.
Myth # 2. The red, white and colors that are blue American sacrifice.
No federal legislation, resolution or administrator order exists providing the state cause for the flag’s colors — or their meaning. The thing that is closest to a description will be the terms of Charles Thomson, the assistant associated with Continental Congress, who had been instrumental within the design regarding the Great Seal associated with the united states of america.
Thomson’s are accountable to Congress on June 20, 1782, your day the seal had been authorized, included a description associated with colors, just like those who work in the banner: “White signifies purity and purity. Red and Blue . signifies vigilance, perseverance and justice.”
Various formal documents and proclamations — including one by President Ronald Reagan marking 1986 due to the fact “12 months for the Flag” — have actually echoed that reasoning.
However the colors would not have, nor have they ever endured, any formal imprimatur. Historians genuinely believe that the application of red, white and blue in the Stars and Stripes is because of the fact that is simple they certainly were the colors of this very first banner for the United states colonies, the Continental Colors. And there’s little question where the red, white and blue for the Continental Colors arrived from: the Union Jack for the great britain.
Users of the Electoral university recite the Pledge of Allegiance.
Myth # 3: The Pledge of Allegiance is definitely recited in Congress as well as other bodies that are governmental.
The pledge was published pay someone to write my essay by mag editor Francis Bellamy in 1892 for a nationwide public college party for the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s landing. In 1898, through the Spanish-American War, nyc became the state that is first mandate that public college students recite the Pledge of Allegiance at the start of each college time. Numerous states observed suit, therefore the pledge stayed a basic of this day to day routine in numerous schools until 1988, whenever it became a problem into the presidential campaign.
Vice President George H.W. Bush criticized his opponent, Democrat Michael Dukakis, for vetoing a bill as governor of Massachusetts that could have needed the pledge become recited in public areas schools. Dukakis stated he did therefore after being encouraged that the statutory legislation ended up being unconstitutional.
During the height regarding the campaign, on Sept. 13, 1988, the pledge had been recited on to the floor associated with the House of Representatives for the time that is first. Republican users of the homely house, have been when you look at the minority, offered an answer to that particular impact, also it ended up being accepted by Speaker Jim Wright, a Democrat. Wright ruled that there after, the pledge could be recited in the beginning of business each that the House was in session day.
The Senate failed to start day-to-day recital associated with the pledge until June 24, 1999. Ever since then, the pledge is becoming an element of the opening rituals of almost all state and neighborhood government systems.
In line with the Supreme Court, rules banning banner burning violate free message.
Myth number 4: it really is unlawful to burn off the flag that is american.
It had been unlawful until 1989, if the Supreme Court ruled 5 to 4 in Texas v. Johnson that burning the banner is a kind of symbolic message protected by the initial Amendment.
The truth included Gregory Lee Johnson, a known member of this Revolutionary Communist Youth Brigade, who’d burned the banner within a protest during the 1984 Republican National Convention. He had been convicted of breaking Texas’s flag-desecration law, fined $2,000 and sentenced up to a 12 months in prison. The Texas Court of Criminal Appeals overturned the conviction, governing that Johnson ended up being exercising their First Amendment directly to freedom of speech.
The Supreme Court’s choice invalidated a 1968 flag-desecration that is national, along with comparable guidelines in 48 states (all except Wyoming and Alaska). Responding, Congress passed the Flag Protection Act, but that statutory legislation ended up being additionally challenged and finished up in the Supreme Court. The court in 1990 really affirmed its previous ruling, saying that any law banning flag burning violated free speech.
Those choices resulted in a nationwide movement to amend the Constitution to create banner desecration unlawful. The leading sound in that work was the people Flag Alliance, that was created in 1994 by the American Legion. Proposed amendments have show up frequently inside your home and Senate since that time but have actually yet to get support that is sufficient.
This shirt that is patriotic violates Flag Code tips.
Myth # 5: It’s okay to put on a Stars-and-Stripes T-shirt.
The U.S. Flag Code frowns in the use of the banner “to promote purposes.” It continues on to alert up against the purchase or display of any “article of product . Upby which shall were printed, painted, connected, or perhaps put a representation of” the banner to “advertise, call awareness of, decorate, mark, or differentiate the substance or article on which so placed.”
This means that, once you wear a flag T-shirt or cap while reclining on a flag that is american towel near your US banner camping chair, you might be breaking the Flag Code. The rule, that was used during the National that is first Flag in Washington in 1923, is component associated with legislation of this land. However it is perhaps perhaps not enforced, neither is it enforceable. It really is merely a collection of instructions, permitting Us americans understand what to do — and just exactly exactly what never to do — with our red, white and blue nationwide emblem.
There’s absolutely no Flag Police. You simply will not be arrested for using a t-shirt that is flag-embossed Independence Day — or just about any other time of the season.